You may remember learning about translations in Math 8 and 9. Translations are when graphs can be moved up or down without changing the shape of the graph.

Since all graphs can be derived from either a single or multiple functions, then there must be a way to change the equations of these functions to translate a graph.

Find out what changes to the equation of a function result in horizontal and vertical translations.

**Resources**

- Notes: (see attachments)

**Assignment**

- p15 #1-9, 11, 18